INTRODUCTION ABOUT AIDS
AIDS is one of the most dangerous disease. It is described as ACQUIRED IMMUNO DEFICIENCY SYNDROME. It is caused by the virus H I V means HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS. There is a small difference between H I V and AIDS. HIV is a virus. That virus attacks the T-cells in the immune system AIDS is a medical condition. It is the syndrome which appears in advanced stages of HIV infection. AIDS first detected in AMERICA in the year 1959. Later it spread as world wise disease in 1980s in other countries etc. In India, it was first found in 1986. Cover all news gives the data about AIDS.
HIV virus attacks the human immune system. It is caused by a virus H I V. This H I V virus is not visible to a microscope also. There are so many stages in this disease. H I V stages are prolonged period without any symptoms. That time may be up to 10 years of period between the HIV virus affected stage and reached to AIDS.
HIV VIRUS transmitted from Sexual Transmission, Parental Transmission and Blood Transmission.
- Sexual Transmission: HIV can be spread while having unprotected sex.
- Parental Transmission: It spread to child from PARENT means mother in the time of pregnancy and also in breast feeding.
- Blood Transmission: Mostly HIV VIRUS can also transmit from the blood also.
HIV VIRUS CAN’T BE TRANSMITTED FROM
- Shaking Hands
- Casual Kissing
- Touching Unbroken Skin
- Using The Same Toilet
- Sharing Towels
- Sharing Cutlery
SYMPTOMS OF HIV VIRUS
- Joint pains
- Head ache
- Muscle ache
- Red rash
In some cases there are no symptoms also we observe for few years. During this time, the virus will be developed and damages the immune system. This process will takes up to 10 years. The infected person may not have any symptoms, look like a healthy person.
FINAL STAGE SYMPTOMS OF HIV
This stage is serious illnesses. That is known as AIDS.
- Blurred Vision
- Dry Cough
- Fever of above 37oC (100oF) lasting for weeks
- Night Sweats
- Permanent Tiredness
- Shortness of breath
- Swollen glands lasting for weeks
- Weight Loss
- White spots on the tongue or Mouth
- Safe sex (use an appropriate condom).
- Use new needle for every time (don’t share needles).
- Use gloves in health care centres.
- Don’t share personal items like razors, tooth brushes.
- Avoid breast feeding in some cases.
- Awareness of AIDS.